March 2016
For What It's Worth

Biosecurity Management:

Important Tips For Your Small Ruminants

Anyone owning livestock has experienced bringing new animals onto their farm and should have been following biosecurity protocol. There is always the expectation that things will be okay and no health problems will occur. The reality is most health problems are brought onto the farm by new animals or sick animals that are not isolated. The following information shares some ideas that can be implemented as preventative or controlled management.

Documentation

Individual Identification

Biosecurity

Maintenance

 
Left to right, basic treatments to keep on farm are iodine for treating navel cords of newborn small ruminants, powder and liquid insecticide for external parasites, and antiseptic for treating cuts or wounds, foot rot or scald. Tools for use on small ruminants: hoof brush/pick for cleaning out hooves, syringe and needle for injections, drench syringe for oral medicines, wax crayon for marking animals, hoof trimmers, another syringe and needle, elastrator bands and elastrator pliers.

Nutrition

Reproduction

Grazing/Browsing Practices

Emergency contact information

The previous information on biosecurity and basic management should offer ideas whether a person is new to goat and sheep production or a seasoned producer. Had I followed some of the recommendations, my headaches would have been much less over time.

Robert Spencer is an Urban Regional Extension Specialist with the Alabama Cooperative Extension System.